The Hunchback of Notre Dame (in French Notre Dame de Paris) is a 1956 French film version of Victor Hugo's novel popularly known as The Hunchback of Notre Dame. The film is the first version of the novel to be made in color.
It stars Anthony Quinn as Quasimodo and Gina Lollobrigida as Esmeralda. In the tradition of many sword and sandal spectacles, Quinn and Lollobrigida are the only two actors in the film who actually speak in English; the rest of the cast is made up of French actors who have had their voices dubbed into English. Anthony Quinn's portrayal of the hunchback Quasimodo is more human and less horrific than most other portrayals. Instead of having a huge hump and a hideously deformed face, he only has a small curve in his spine and a slightly deformed face. The film is the only adaptation to use Victor Hugo's original ending; although Esmeralda is killed by a stray arrow rather than hanged, a voiceover narration tells us at the end that several years afterward, an excavation group finds the skeletons of Quasimodo and Esmeralda intertwined in an embrace.