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O Canada by Calixa Lavallée and Robert Stanley Weir

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O Canada (Song)

composed by Calixa Lavallée; written by Robert Stanley Weir

 
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O Canada is the national anthem of Canada. The song was originally commissioned by the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, the Honourable Théodore Robitaille, for the 1880 St. Jean-Baptiste Day ceremony. Calixa Lavallée wrote the music, which was a setting of a patriotic poem composed by the poet and judge Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier. The text was originally only in French, before it was translated to English in 1906. 
 
The English translation of the lyric happened two years before Robert Stanley Weir penned an English version, which is not a translation of the French. Weir's words have been revised twice, taking their present form in 1980, but the French lyrics remain unaltered. "O Canada" was not officially Canada's national anthem until 1980, when it was signed into law on July 1 as part of that year's Dominion Day celebrations. 
 
(English Version) 
O Canada! 
Our home and native land! 
True patriot love in all thy sons command. 
With glowing hearts we see thee rise, 
The True North strong and free! 
From far and wide, 
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee. 
God keep our land glorious and free! 
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee. 
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee. 
 
(French Version) 
Ô Canada! 
Terre de nos aïeux, 
Ton front est ceint de fleurons glorieux! 
Car ton bras sait porter l'épée, 
Il sait porter la croix! 
Ton histoire est une épopée 
Des plus brillants exploits. 
Et ta valeur, de foi trempée, 
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits. 
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits.